The agreement failed to liberalize trade in some regions, notably in the ongoing softwood dispute. Topics such as trade in minerals, fresh water and softwood are still controversial. To view the full text of the agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada, click here. From 1935 to 1980, the two countries concluded a series of bilateral trade agreements that significantly reduced tariffs in both countries.  The most important of these agreements was the 1960s Agreement on Trade in Automotive Products (also known as the Auto Pact).   The North American Agreement on Labour Cooperation (NAALC) entered into force in January 1994. It is one of two parallel agreements to the North American Free Trade Agreement between the United States, Canada and Mexico. The agreement is administered by the Commission for Labour Cooperation, which consists of a Council of Ministers and a trinational secretariat based in Washington D.C. Currently, four provinces (Quebec, Alberta, Manitoba and Prince Edward Island) are signatories to ANALNA under an intergovernmental agreement. The Commission works closely with the National Administrative Offices (NAOs) set up in each country to implement the agreement and act as a national contact point.
In Canada, the Office of Inter-American Labour Cooperation acts as the Canadian NAO within the Labour Directorate of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. The Ca. Auditors also provides for the filing and receipt of public communications (complaints) on labour law matters arising in the territory of another Party and serves as a formal review body in Canada. On this occasion, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the agency responsible for implementing the treaty in the United States, established the USMCA Center to coordinate CBP`s implementation of the treaty in the United States. According to CBP, the agreement “modernizes some NAFTA regulations, reflects the evolution of 21st century technology and supply chains”, and “provides more efficient trade, stronger enforcement, and more economic opportunities for North America.” The USMCA “calls for new approaches to rules of origin, access to agricultural markets, digital trade and financial services” and seeks to protect the labour rights of workers in key industries and strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights. A number of government studies have drawn increasing attention to the possibility of bilateral free trade negotiations: An Outward View (1975) by the Economic Council of Canada; several reports of the Standing Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs (1975, 1978 and 1982); and the 1985 report of the Macdonald Commission (formerly the Royal Commission on Canada`s Economic Union and Development Prospects), chaired by former Liberal politician Donald Stovel Macdonald. Macdonald stated that “Canadians should be prepared to take a leap of faith” and engage in more open trade with the United States.
Although Macdonald was a former Liberal finance minister, the Commission`s findings were welcomed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney`s Progressive Conservative Party, although he opposed a free trade initiative during the 1984 Canadian election campaign. The conditions for the start of free trade negotiations have been prepared.  Controversy over the Environmental Enforcement Provisions of the Treaty remained high in the late 1990s. In fact, North American trade interests have sought to weaken an important NAFTA side agreement on environmental protection and enforcement. The agreement – one of the few provisions welcomed by environmental groups – allows groups and ordinary citizens to accuse member states of not enforcing their own environmental legislation. A trinational commission on environmental cooperation is responsible for investigating these allegations and publishes public reports. .